All praises are due to Allah SWT. Plenty of peace and salutations be upon Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi Wasallam. Herewith is an explanation of the six qualities of Tabligh which was written by Hadrat Maulana Muhammad Yusuf Kandehlawi Sahib (Rahmatullahi Alayh) to a Jamat that was leaving for 'Umrah. It is being published for the benefit of the general public. However, this is simply the written sphere. To bring it alive is a separate matter altogether. To do so is quite challenging. Without effort and sacrifice these qualities cannot be achieved. For this reason, simply reading and lecturing them is not sufficient. It is of utmost importance to put one's self forward for the sacrifices that are required to make them part of our lives. They will be attained only by striving in the path of Allah SWT in accordance to its usuls (principles). May Allah SWT beautify us with all these qualities, and make them widespread in the Ummah. Amin. - Maulana Fazlur Rahman Azmi Sahib (09-01-1430 / 06-01-2009) THE SIX QUALITIES Of TA8LIGH AS EXPLAINED BY MAULANA MUHAMMAD YUSUF KANDEHLAWI The Criterion of Success and Failure Allah SWT has made the internal worth of man the basis of eternal success. Success and failure refers to the internal condition of man. What is perceived as success and failure in terms of apparent creations and conditions (that surround one) is not what true success and failure mean. Honour and disgrace, comfort and discomfort, ease and difficulty and sickness and health are all internal conditions of man. The enhancement and ruin of these conditions have no relation to the outer worldly creations. Allah SWT can disgrace somebody despite the presence of his wealth. At the same time He can honour somebody who is penniless. The internal worth of man is his yaqeen (conviction) and his a'mal (actions). If the conviction and actions of man are proper, then Allah SWT will create conditions of internal success, no matter how downtrodden a person's outward condition may be. 1. Iman [Faith] in Allah SWT Allah SWT is the creator and owner of everything in the universe - every atom of it. He has created everything through His power. He is the creator, and has created everything. He was not created and whatever is created cannot create anything. Everything that has been created through His power is subject to His power. Everything is in His control. He alone utilizes all these creations. He can change the form of things and can also change the qualities of created things while keeping their forms intact. He can change a staff into a serpent and a serpent into in a staff. In a similar manner, every form (of creation) whether it be kingdom or wealth, lightning or smoke, are all in His control and only He can exercise His authority over them. From where man sees construction, He can bring from it destruction; and from where man sees destruction, He can bring construction. He alone keeps the universe running in perfect order. Allah SWT can nourish with out means and can destroy in the presence of means. Iman [Faith] in Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi Wasallam Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi Wasallam brought from Allah SWT the way of life that will serve to connect man to Allah SWT and so that man may derive benefit directly from Allah's power. When the lifestyle of Rasulullah Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi Wasallam will be adopted by man, then Allah SWT will bring forth success in all forms. The Outcome of Faith and Conviction and their Propagation There is a demand from the testimony of faith (There is none worthy of worship except Allah, and Muhammad 'M is the Messenger of Allah SWT) that man should change his conviction and his aspirations. Simply upon changing ones conviction, Allah SWT will bless one with paradise larger than the earth and skies. All those things from which one diverts his conviction directing it towards Allah SWT will become subservient to him. In order to create this type of conviction, one must call others towards the same. The greatness of Allah &, the sustainer ship of Allah &, and the power of Allah SWT has to be explained. The stories of the Messengers [upon them be peace] and the Sahabah Ridwanallahu ta'ala alayhi ajmaeen should be narrated. In order to cause this conviction to enter ones heart, one has to sit in solitude pondering over the fact that, what one has called towards is indeed the truth. Then, sincere du'a [prayer] before Allah S should be made for the reality of this conviction. 2. The Importance of Salah [Prayer] and its Propagation Salah has been instituted in order to attain benefit directly from the power of Allah SWT. The entire body must be utilized in those specified postures which are pleasing unto Allah SWT and are subject to parameters. It is required that the eyes, ears, hands, tongue, and feet are used correctly. The heart should be concentrated on Allah SWT, filled with fear for him. Such conviction should be in stilled that one is certain that all my actions in the form of takbir (glorifying Allah), tasbih (proclaiming the purity of Allah SWT), ruku' [bowing] and sajdah (prostrating), done in accordance to His command, are of the calibre that they could draw such favours from Allah SWT that outdo the universe. When stretching ones hands in du'a after having performed such Salah, Allah SWT will fulfil all a persons needs through His power. By means of such Salah, Allah SWT forgives ones sins, blesses one with blessings in his sustenance, and will bless one with divine ability to perform more actions of obedience unto Him. Calling others to such a Salah that is an embodiment of concentration and devotion will ensure that one learns to perform Salah in this manner. Part of the call should include explanation of the benefit that will be accrued from Salah of this quality in this world and in the hereafter. In a similar vein, the Salah of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and the Sahabah Radiallahu Alayhi Ajmaeen should be narrated. Training ones self is necessary in order to perfect ones Salah. [This is accomplished by performing wudu [ablution] meticulously, and at the very least, at least thrice in qiyam [standing], qa'dah [sitting], ruku and sajdah one should concentrate on the fact that Allah SWT is watching me. After Salah, one should feel that it was not performed as is deserving for Allah SWT. One should plead before Allah SWT tearfully, begging him to bless us with the reality of Salah. 3. Ilm [Knowledge] and Zikr (Remembrance of Allah SWT) Ilm is defined as creating the enthusiasm for learning. In every condition we should know what is desired of us by Allah SWT. Acting in accordance to this knowledge with the awareness of Allah SWT is termed as Zikr. The journey undertaken in search of knowledge is classified as worship. Seventy thousand angels spread their wings below the feet of the seeker of knowledge. All the creations inhabiting the heavens and the earth seek forgiveness for this seeker. One scholar is more severe upon devil than a thousand worshippers. Effort should be made to inculcate this same enthusiasm by explaining the virtues [of good deeds]. The circles where the Ilm (Knowledge) is disseminated should be attended. One should present oneself in the gatherings of the 'Ulama. Conviction that the above mentioned is a form of worship must also be borne in mind. Du'a should also be made, crying before Allah SWT., begging him for the reality of Ilm. The purpose of Zikr is to create the awareness of Allah SWT in ones every action. Whosoever remembers Allah SWT, Allah SWT remembers him. Allah SWT is with a person as long as he is engaged in His Zikr. [By means of this] Allah SWT blesses one with His love and recognition. Remembrance of Allah SWT is the fortress of protection from the devil. Awareness of Allah SWT will be created by encouraging others to do the same. At the same time, zikr should be done fixing ones concentration that Allah SWT is watching me. Here too, du'a should be made, crying before Allah SWT to bless one with the reality of zikr. 4. Ikram-e-Muslim [Honour/Service for a Muslim] Every Muslim should be honoured on the basis of him being part of the Ummah of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. One should lower oneself before every Muslim. The rights of every person should be fulfilled, not demanding personal rights. He who conceals the faults of his Muslim brother, will have his faults concealed by Allah SWT. As long as a person remains in the service of his Muslim brother, Allah SWT will continue to suffice him. He who forgoes his right will be blessed by Allah SWT with a palace in the middle of paradise. Allah SWT will bless he who lowers himself before others with renown and high repute. Desire to serve others will be created by encouraging others in this direction. The value of a believer must be realized. The stories of the character, sympathy, selflessness of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and the Sahabah Radi Allahu alayhi ajmaeen should be narrated. All of the above should be implemented and du'a should be made, begging Allah SWT to bless us with the ability to display the character of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. 5. Husn e Niyyat [Perfection of Intention] The basis of every action should be to please Allah SWT and should not be motivated by worldly gain or fame. Great rewards will be earned by means of a few actions that are backed by the desire to please Allah H. Great deeds can become a means of chastisement if they are done without this desire. Ones own intention will be corrected by creating within ones self the worry to attain this quality by means of inviting others towards it. Effort on ones self is done by checking ones intention before and while doing any act of consequence. Remind yourself that I am doing this act solely to please Allah H. After completing the deed, regard your intention as not being up to standard. Repent and seek forgiveness for this as well. Constant du'a should be made, begging tearfully before Allah $. for the reality of sincerity. 6. Striving in the Path of Allah and Du'a Nowadays, to a certain degree, it has become common to work on an individual basis, even though the reality of such type of effort is clear [in it being of very minimal benefit]. Every Muslim has been assigned the effort of propagation on the mere basis of being part of the Ummah of Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi Wasallam. The relationship between Allah SWT and all His servants should be established. For this end, one should wholeheartedly, with his health and wealth take up the effort of all the Messengers [Peace be upon them]. No remuneration should be coveted from those upon whom effort is being done. This is done by moving [from place to place] and by assisting those who have left their homes [for this effort]. The inhabitants of the heavens show mercy to the one who shows mercy to the inhabitants of the earth. He who strives in the effort of iman and good deeds, in order to establish a relationship between every person and Allah SWT will be blessed before everybody else with the reality of Iman and good deeds and a relationship with Allah SWT. One morning or one evening spent in this path is better than the entire world [in terms of deeds and wealth] and whatever it contains. The reward for all the expenditure incurred in this path, every form of Zikr, and every Salah is multiplied seven hundred thousand times. The du'as of a person who strives in this path are accepted just as the du'as of the Messengers [Peace be upon them] of the Bani Isra'il were accepted. What is meant by this, is that just like how the du'as of the Messengers [upon them be peace] of the Bani Isra'il were a means of success for them and served to destroy the forces of evil- while all apparent means were in direct conflict to their cause- solely out of the power of Allah &, similarly, the effect of the du'as of those who strive in this path will be just the same. Allah SWT will also cause a change in the hearts of every person around the globe on the sheer effect of the effort if done on an international scale. We are unaware of the method of this effort just as we are ignorant of the other actions of our religion. Others should be encouraged to link themselves to this effort, its importance and value must be explained. The stories of the Messengers [upon them be peace] and the Sahabah should be narrated, and one should then put himself forward for sacrifice in the actions of moving from place to place and assisting those who have left home for this effort. The Sahabah Ridwanallahu Alayhi Ajmaeen were such great personalities that they went forth in the path of Allah SWT in every condition. It didn't matter what the circumstances were. They left home at the time of a Nikah [marriage], or on the occasion of a homecoming, or at the time of a birth in the family, or at the time of a funeral, in extreme heat or in severe cold, in hunger and in poverty, in sickness and in health, in strength and in weakness, in youth and in old age. Du'a should also be made for acceptance to do this noble effort. - Adapted from the 'Biography of Hadrat Maulana Muhammad Yusuf Kandehlawi and compiled by Maulana Muhammad Hasan, Maktabah - Islam, Lukhnow, UP India - 1387/1967. This Was in fact a letter to an Arab Jamat which formed part of the above mentioned book.