Metaphysics and my thoughts about module 4. I believe that the ancient philosophers and the way we think today have a lot of similarities like when Heraclitus stated “you cannot step in the same river twice” we still have that same mentality today, because everything that happens ends up changing. Nothing happens exactly the same twice. Let’s take going on a hike for example you may be walking on the same trail or path but your foot steps are not hitting the same exact spot that they were before and no matter how many times you may take that same path your foot steps are never going to be exactly the same as they were before. Or even folding laundry, your clothes are never going to be folded the same way they were before. This even relates to memories, you will never remember a story exactly the same as before because when you’re thinking of a memory you aren’t thinking of when it happened last but you’re thinking of the last time you thought of the situation so it is always going to be a different experience when thinking about it. I believe these ancient philosophers thought this way because it was not the normal thing to do, they were rebels of their time. They thought like nobody else did at the time. Nobody at the time thought this was the norm thing to do. Everyone then was focused on all of the details of the bible. I think that Plato holds the forms that are more real than the world of objects because the forms are what usually gives life meaning. Being in a completely empty house that nobody has lived in for the past 15 years has no furniture, no electricity, and completely filled with space. This was the house that you grew up in and since you grew up here and spent so many years in the house it felt completely full because of all the memories that your have endured during the years you lived there. Such as riding a bike for the first time or maybe even having your first kiss. Those were the memories that made this completely empty house feel as if it has been lived in for years. There is always more than meets the eye, objects and appearances fade and get ruined over time but these memories and experiences that you happen to endure of the years from past and present experiences will not. Artistotles four causes relate to his ideas of actuality, potentiality, and God because it is a way of thinking such as how you look at something. The four causes are what is it made of ? [material cause] what, at a deep and fundamental level is it actually? [formal cause] what or who made it? [efficient cause] and for what reason or purpose is it made? [final cause]. Each cause has a different outlook. Each one of these four causes gives some type of substance to someone along with Aristoles way of looking at actuality, potentiality, and God. Most people just see things from one cause and not how another person may see the situation. It is always good to try and get someone else to explain in depth as to why they see something the way you do so you can try and understand why they’re looking at he situation in a certain light. I try to do that constantly especially when talking to a friend or significant other about a situation, it is best to try and see things from their side to understand why they’re acting or feeling a certain way. I know I learned how to do this process not too long ago, I had to take a class about communication that actually helped me understand people better. When talking to someone it is best to use what they called a tile grid, you’re basically letting the other person talk fully without interrupting them, and by repeating what you understood to the other person gives a better grasp of understanding the other person so you don’t misinterpret any information that has been passed down and by repeating what the other person said if gives them an opportunity to correct anything that may have been understood wrongly in the process.