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Cham-Christine.soto5

Module 7 was about ethics, we learned about different ethical theories and their approaches on how they determine right and wrong. An ethical agent is anyone making an ethical decision on how they perceive right and wrong. The three approaches that we learned about in the module are consequentialism, no consequentialism, and virtue ethics. Although there are more approaches these three are the major viewpoints. Consequentialism is based on the consequences on different situations. How one person may interpret what is good and bad about certain situations or even the pleasure and pain. For example Sarah sees someone in front of her that dropped a wallet, Sarah picks up the wallet and instead of giving the wallet back right away she decides to take a look inside. She has been struggling to pay rent for the past couple of months. So when she looked inside the wallet she seen $800, so Sarah weights out the consequences good and bad. Ethical egoism is a part of consequentialism and this means that everyone should do whatever they need to do if it is in their best interest. This is combined with consequentialism because it is the consequences that are being thought of. There are many positives and negatives about consequentialism. The second approach is no consequentialism they do not care about the consequences of any action. They only care about higher ethical principles, or values. Such as Sarah from the example before she would have just given the wallet back without even looking inside because she knows if she does not give it back she would be wrong. She is not thinking about her rent she is just thinking about how she would feel if she did not give it back and how wrong she would be. The third ethical system is called virtue ethics. Virtue means high moral standards. This system uses personal characteristics which are virtues. It becomes ethical by wanting and trying to make ethical decisions. Another type of consequentialism is called utilitarianism this word comes from utility which means useful. Utilitarianism is based on how much good you feel and all people involved in the situation feel in a moral situation. There are two types of utilitarianism, act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism is where each action that we do is determined on a case by case basis and whether the action is right or wrong. They hold every situation unique. Saying different situations affect people in different ways. Act utilitarians are mainly concerned with actions and rule utilitarians are mainly concerned with making rules. Rule utilitarians believe in rules no matter what such as stealing a car no matter what the situation is it is completely wrong unlike act utilitarians that believe things should be on a case by case basis and if it came to a life or death situation it would be okay even though it is against the law. Kant a philosopher believe that rationalization is only an excuse it is also too complex to base reality solely on what happens. I personally believe that I am both act utilitarian and rule utilitarian if that is possible. I do believe that situations should be taken on a case by case basis because there is always more to every situation. Everyone is unique so when it comes to a case by case basis things should be handled like they’re unique and different. People should be heard when it comes to their actions. Everyone does things for a reason. Especially when it comes to certify situations. Such as a life or death situation, where it is either break into someone’s house to get away from from a bad person or put your life in danger and in that situation I do believe it is okay to break the rules because of the situation. Like I said before it all depends on the situation. So that is what makes me part act utilitarian. I do also believe I am part rule utilitarian because when it doesn’t come to a life threatening situation I do believe the rules should be followed.

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